Are you drawing closer to your 30s? Shield up before it's too late!
Ladies, the clock is always ticking for us, so let's try and get ahead of time!
As you near your 30s and 40s, you'll come across noticeable changes in the appearance of your skin. Dark spots, dullness, and pigmentation will no longer seem to be surprises, and neither will you be taken aback by that early morning zit that kick-starts your day.
However, while your body and skin are understandably going through a change, it won't hurt to get some intel into the real reasons behind this change. Dr Simal Soin, India’s leading Aesthetic and Cosmetic Dermatologist and founder of Aayna Clinic is here to shed some light on the 'how' and 'why' of ageing skin. Take note.
Dr Simal Soin
1. ADULT ACNE
One of the most common, pressing skin concerns that women tend to face in their 20-30s is acne. Acne may persist through adolescence or may manifest for the very first time during adulthood, due to conditions such as Polycystic Ovary Disease (PCOD). "The well-researched association of acne with a hormonal etiology usually brings with it several other clinical signs including hirsutism, seborrhoea, alopecia, menstrual disorders, ovulatory dysfunction, and infertility. Hormonal acne usually appears over the lower face along the jaw line, perioral region/chin, and the eruptions tend to coincide with the onset of menstruation," informs Dr Soin.
Acne may have mild presentations like comedones (blackheads, whiteheads) or inflammatory painful papules, pus filled lesions, and even cysts. Besides a hormonal imbalance, consumption of high glycemic and dairy foods increases insulin and IGF1 levels which in turn may lead to acne as well.
2. PIGMENTATION & DARK SPOTS
Another grave skincare concern as you age is pigmentation, often resulting in an uneven skin tone. "Hyper-pigmentation is the formation of dark patches on the skin owing to overproduction of melanin, creating darker spots compared to your overall complexion. Exposure to sunlight (UV exposure), damage post inflammation, and other environmental stressors are responsible for triggering the cells to produce more melanin to protect the skin. On the other hand, post inflammatory hyper-pigmentation is a condition where inflammation of the skin occurs in the form of acne/eczema, and once this inflammation subsides, it heals with hyper-pigmentation," states Dr Soin.
"Auto-immune disorders, photo sensitizing drugs, and common hormonal imbalances are also responsible for pigmentation. Melasma/Chloasma or ‘the mask of pregnancy’ are brown patches on the skin that result due to hormonal changes during pregnancy. More often than not, birth control pills ingested by women in this age-group can also cause facial pigmentation. Periorbital hyper-pigmentation or dark circles is another distressing condition for women with anaemia and poor sleeping habits," she adds.
3. FINE LINES & WRINKLES
Undoubtedly, the most noticeable signs of skin ageing are fine lines and wrinkles, coupled with a lack of radiance and dull skin. "Fine lines and wrinkles may begin to appear as early as ones mid 20s, deepening with time. As the skin loses moisture, elastin, and collagen, wrinkles begin to appear especially over the areas of expression ie. forehead and around the eyes (crow’s feet). Smoking and excessive sun exposure can also hasten the formation of wrinkles," says Dr Soin.
4. DULLNESS & DRYNESS
"Over time, the skin starts to lose hyaluronic acid, cell turnover slows down, and sebum production reduces, resulting in increased skin dryness. Owing to these natural changes, increased sun sensitivity and roughness result. All of this combined with various lifestyle factors including smoking and a poor diet may cause your skin to look dull and pale. Moreover, in your 30s the skin slows down its production of collagen, the protein that provides the skin its shape and maintains plumpness. Your skin begins to look less taut and early signs of volume loss, mostly in the mid-face and cheek region, become prominent.
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